Exploitation, and a 'culture of exploitation' arose with human adoption of agriculture less than 10,000 years ago. That culture of exploitation has ranged from idealist philosophies to the opposition between city and countryside, to the systemic inequality between men and women -- and treatment of the environment as the property (and garbage dump) of the ruling class.
Prevailing agricultural methods currently account for over 40% of all poisoning of the environment -- rivers, soil, the air and the oceans. Agroecology as developed in Cuba in the 1990s can help end the 'culture of exploitation' -- and the environmental damage that has accompanied it. Wadi'h Halabi reports on meetings on agro-ecology in Beijing in May, to advance agro-ecology, and the remarkable legacy of Richard Levins, a long-time friend of the CME.